The proposition of hit-rate analysis has the advantage of being theoretical, unconnected from the larger concerns of the criminal justice system.A third, complicated rationale lies between the two: a legacy of belief, embedded in police socialization and reinforced by selective perception, that minority groups are more prone to criminality.According to this same report, African-Americans are much more likely to commit violent crimes than whites and when they commit these crimes, target whites slightly more than half the time.You enter your details and deadline and get a personal writer who works with you on a one-to-one personal level until you are happy with the finished product.The ability of the aggrieved driver to seek redress is expensive, and often futile in the absence of independent evidence.If I was born into that culture, I would not want to be stopped for no other reason than my skin color.He proceeds to say that although there have been significant gains, racial profiling is the symbol of how far we have to go.
Racial profiling research paper - No more Fs with our top essay services.Venkatesh, S. A. (2006). Off the books: The underground economy of the urban poor.More telling, none of the cases studied suggested that the drugs found in profile-based searches were pre-market bulk quantity (the quantum envisioned by the drug courier profile).The defendants produced evidence that the team stopped and searched minorities, particularly African Americans, almost 5 times more frequently than they did white drivers.A comparable set of behavioral cues is embedded in the police evaluation of the people they stop, however.For fingerprints, that identification is of a known individual matched to an unknown sample (the latent print).BIGGEST and the BEST ESSAYS BANK. racial profiling Essays, racial.Boston: Institute on Race and Justice, Northeastern University.
Racial profiling is the tactic of stopping someone because of the color of his or her skin and a fleeting suspicion that the person is engaging in criminal behavior (Meeks, p. 4-5). This practice can be conducted with routine traffic stops, or can be completely random based on the car that is driven, the number of people in the car and the race of the driver and passengers.A further complication arises in the need to distinguish personal-use hits from the bulk drug seizures arising from the proper application of the drug courier profile, although the modern debate fails to pursue that distinction.Racial profiling has been a controversial topic in recent years.
Racial profiling research paper thesisSearches that yield no evidence usually end with the release of the vehicle and driver.November 24, and what does about now considered a research papers.Searching for equilibrium: The tenuous nature of the outcome test.Another objectionable category involves illegal police actions, searches conducted over the objections of the vehicle occupants.
That profile arose from a specific fact pattern, closely matching observable characteristics with searches that found bulk drugs.The historical antecedent most familiar to Americans is the internment of Japanese Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor, while members of the German Bund (a pro- Nazi organization) in America remained free and largely unmolested.The New Century Foundation, a non-profit organization based in the Washington, D.C. suburb of Oakton, VA, published a report on the American Renaissance website, stating that African-Americans commit 90% of the approximately 1,700,000 interracial crimes of violence that occurs every year in the United States.When racial profiling first emerged as a public issue, this view was reinforced by revelations in the high-profile cases discussed below.Rational police officers would focus their efforts on groups most likely to carry drugs.
Opponents point to several flaws in the assertions that crime is a product of group characteristics.Blacks made up 17% of the driving population, and slightly more of the violators, but were almost 73% of all persons searched.The contemporary scholarly focus on racial profiling rests upon a debate regarding whether a variation on game theory can provide such a foundation.For practitioners, the validity of the component of race rests upon personal experience and upon the evidence of aggregate crime statistics.Police have the power to arrest citizens—a lengthier and more intrusive detention—only when they have probable cause.Such evidence is not collected on a scientific basis, but its cumulative weight creates a viable presumption.All content will be 100% original and there will be no plagiarism.
Examining each individual variable in the profile, rather than the collective weight of all the components, is an unusual approach, but the evidence of the resulting search was nevertheless suppressed.The inherent difference in the danger posed by market-quantity shipments, in contrast to personal-use quantities, is a potential limit on the latitude to be allowed government agents, and a fundamental problem with the game theory school of proof (discussed below).
Essays on Racial Profiling: Easy Tips to Writing a StrongIt was drawn in 1880 by an unknown artist to demonstrate the racist actions of an American family and portraying the Chinese man as hungry and desperate.This sample criminal justice research paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.Discrimination may be inferred from unequal numbers, but disparate treatment supports a stronger inference when persons of a minority class suffer a disproportionate burden than comparably situated majority citizens.Profiles are like fingerprints: They are composites of particular characteristics which, taken collectively, provide enhanced confidence of an identification.
Genocide is the intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part Racial inequality in.As more and more police agencies adopt in-vehicle recording devices for vehicle stops, such incidents are fewer and farther between, but suspicion remains in the eyes of many citizens.A total of 4 of every 5 drivers searched by the Maryland State Police interdiction team were of minority status.As profiling shifts to other areas of criminal conduct, the public interest in deterring harm also changes.The profile alone did not constitute probable cause for the police to conduct a warrantless search.This New York Times article was written by Al Baker on August 31st, 2011 to bring to attention the rejection of a federal case stating that New York City police officers are abusing their power and have racially discriminated the people who they arrest.
They have compiled extensive data throughout the years regarding the frequency in which profiling takes place and the demographics of who is stopped and where.Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.In this ethical theory, every person has the right to freedom and there must be equal freedom to all.In that case, a New Jersey court overturned 17 drug possession cases brought by a state police drug interdiction team working another section of the New Jersey Turnpike.For your next research paper in your American law or civil law course, consider the topic of racial profiling.Street-level drug dealing has a relatively low capital entry threshold, and provides a reward structure far greater than comparable accessible legitimate employment.