What is a descriptive research design

With this in mind, a common mistake made by researchers is that they begin their investigations far too early, before they have thought critically about what information is required to address the research problem.A longitudinal research design assumes present trends will continue unchanged.Longitudinal studies facilitate the prediction of future outcomes based upon earlier factors.Action research studies often have direct and obvious relevance to improving practice and advocating for change.

For sequential designs where one phase of qualitative research builds on the quantitative phase or vice versa, decisions about what results from the first phase to use in the next phase, the choice of samples and estimating reasonable sample sizes for both phases, and the interpretation of results from both phases can be difficult.Lack of information can severely limit the type of analyzes and conclusions that can be reached.

Descriptive Research - Wiley International Encyclopedia of

Most social scientists seek causal explanations that reflect tests of hypotheses.To identify areas for further research. Descriptive studies are helpful in.If the limitations are understood, they can be a useful tool in developing a more focused study.

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH DESIGN | Methodology of Educational

Research Design: Introduction, Contents and Types

In this case, moving on to study a second or more specific sample can be difficult.Longitudinal data facilitate the analysis of the duration of a particular phenomenon.Gardner, and Lynne M. Haeffele. When to Use What Research Design.Descriptive marketing research is a form of conclusive research used to describe both the composition of a group in such terms.

Identify the research problem clearly and justify its selection, particularly in relation to any valid alternative designs that could have been used.Appropriate time order -- to conclude that causation was involved, one must see that cases were exposed to variation in the independent variable before variation in the dependent variable.This approach uses the tools of argumentation derived from philosophical traditions, concepts, models, and theories to critically explore and challenge, for example, the relevance of logic and evidence in academic debates, to analyze arguments about fundamental issues, or to discuss the root of existing discourse about a research problem.In observational research, findings may only reflect a unique sample population and, thus, cannot be generalized to other groups.Since historical research relies on data from the past, there is no way to manipulate it to control for contemporary contexts.

To search for scholarly resources on specific research designs and methods, use the SAGE Research Methods database.Descriptive studies are helpful in revealing patterns and connections that might otherwise go unnoticed.The purpose of these studies is to identify potential areas of research and generate interest and hypothesis formulation.Concurrent merging of quantitative and qualitative research requires greater attention to having adequate sample sizes, using comparable samples, and applying a consistent unit of analysis.Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 4th edition.Appoach collects a large amount of data for detailed analysis.The limitation is that the sources must be both authentic and valid.There is greater confidence the study has internal validity due to the systematic subject selection and equity of groups being compared.

Descriptive research is. use of descriptive research would be the surveying of. in your surveying design and research.Quantitative approaches to research design and data analysis.

The Selection of a Research Design - SAGE Pub

This means the researcher can obtain a limitless number of subjects before making a final decision whether to accept the null or alternative hypothesis.Reliability of data is low because seeing behaviors occur over and over again may be a time consuming task and are difficult to replicate.Due to the lack of randominization in the cohort design, its external validity is lower than that of study designs where the researcher randomly assigns participants.

An observational study allows a useful insight into a phenomenon and avoids the ethical and practical difficulties of setting up a large and cumbersome research project.As a consequence, the overall validity of the study will be undermined.It is harder to do than conducting conventional research because the researcher takes on responsibilities of advocating for change as well as for researching the topic.A large sample size can yield reliable, but not necessarily valid, results.

Descriptive Statistics - Social Research Methods

In social sciences research, obtaining information relevant to the research problem generally entails specifying the type of evidence needed to test a theory, to evaluate a program, or to accurately describe and assess meaning related to an observable phenomenon.In the policy arena or applied to practice, exploratory studies help establish research priorities and where resources should be allocated.The length and complexity of describing research designs in your paper can vary considerably, but any well-developed design will achieve the following.

Approach excels at bringing us to an understanding of a complex issue through detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships.


Describe the methods of analysis to be applied to the data in determining whether or not the hypotheses are true or false.QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS:. current applications for developing your knowledge about quantitative research design: (i). (descriptive) internal validity.If two variables are correlated, the cause must come before the effect.The researcher is able to collect in-depth information about a particular behavior.

It is a type of observational study sometimes referred to as a panel study.Maintaining the integrity of the original sample can be difficult over an extended period of time.Longitudinal research designs describe patterns of change and help establish the direction and magnitude of causal relationships.It is usually not possible to distinguish whether the exposure proceeded or followed the condition.

Descriptive research design Ch 6 Flashcards | Quizlet

Descriptive Research Design | Survey Methodology

A well-designed meta-analysis depends upon strict adherence to the criteria used for selecting studies and the availability of information in each study to properly analyze their findings.Using a qualitative framework, cohort studies generally gather data using methods of observation.Unobtrusive measures involve any method for studying behavior where individuals do not know they are being observed.

In general, there are three primary reasons to conduct descriptive studies.Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study.The four parameters of research will help us understand how descriptive research in general is similar to, and different from, other types of research.