Anatomical directional terms

The upper ventral, thoracic, or chest cavity contains the heart, lungs, trachea, esophagus, large blood vessels, and nerves.DIRECTIONAL TERMS FOR ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.Like the directions, North, South, East, and West, they can be used to describe the.For example, the toes are anterior to the heel, and the popliteus is posterior to the patella.For example, the nose is medial to the eyes, and the thumb is lateral to the other fingers.

Posterior or dorsal - back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body).The three anatomical planes of the body: the sagittal, transverse (or horizontal), frontal planes.

Directional Terms Distal-farther from trunk Proximal-closer to trunk Lateral-away from midline Medial-closer to midline. body into ANTERIOR and POSTERIOR parts.The current international standard for human anatomical terminology is based on the Terminologia Anatomica (TA).Proximal - toward or nearest the trunk or the point of origin of a part (example, the proximal end of the femur joins with the pelvic bone).

Directional Terms for the Body Flashcards -

Because the contracting fibers are pulling at an angle to the overall action of the muscle, the change in length is smaller, but this same orientation allows for more fibers (thus more force) in a muscle of a given size.Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page.

Labels of human body features displayed on images of actual human bodies, from which body hair and male facial hair has been removed.The tough, fibrous epimysium of skeletal muscle is both connected to and continuous with the tendons.

Human Anatomy and Physiology Directional Terms -

Anatomical Directional Terms : Medical Illustration

Examples of structures named according to this include the frontalis muscle, submental lymph nodes, buccal membrane and orbicularis oculi muscle.Paired, referring to a structure that is present on both sides of the body.

Radial referring to the radius bone, seen laterally in the standard anatomical position.Abduction and adduction refers to a motion that pulls a structure away from (abduction) or towards (adduction) the midline of the body or limb.When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play next.Ulnar referring to the ulna bone, medially positioned when in the standard anatomical position.Anatomical terminology has quite regular morphology, the same prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots.

Certain directional anatomical terms appear throughout this and any other anatomy textbook (Figure 2).The transverse plane is the plane that divides the body or organ horizontally into upper and lower portions.As its name implies, it contains organs lying more posterior in the body.Further information: International scientific vocabulary and Medical terminology.Muscolino, Joseph E. (2005). The Muscular System Manual: The Skeletal Muscles of the Human Body (2nd ed.). C.V. Mosby. ISBN.

Directional terms are words used to describe the location of an anatomical structure by comparing its position to other structures within the body or within the.The kneecap is the patella and patellar while the back of the knee is the popliteus and popliteal area.What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page.General anatomy: systems and organs, regional anatomy, planes and lines, superficial axial anatomy, superficial anatomy of limbs.Elevation and depression refer to movement in a superior (elevation) or inferior (depression) direction.The epigastric region is the upper central square and contains the bottom edge of the liver as well as the upper areas of the stomach.

When anatomists refer to the right and left of the body, it is in reference to the right and left of the subject, not the right and left of the observer.

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Directional Terms Handout - GCISD

It also includes comparative anatomy between different species.Movement types are generally paired, with one being the opposite of the other.

Anatomical terminology | ANATOMY

The anatomical position, with terms of relative location noted.The vocabulary is extensive, varied and complex, and requires a systematic presentation.

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Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology (6th ed.). Addison Wesley Longman.

Anatomical Positions and Directional Terms by Katherine

The thoracic cavity is bound laterally by the ribs (covered by costal pleura) and the diaphragm caudally (covered by diaphragmatic pleura).The left lumbar region contains the left edge of the transverse colon and the left edge of the small intestine.

Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion refers to flexion (dorsiflexion) or extension of the foot at the ankle.Which of the following is a correct directional term to describe the relative position of the.